Thursday, June 26, 2014

HRNJ-UGANDA STATEMENT ON JUNE 26, MARKING THE WORLD ANTI-TORTURE DAY 2014




Statement by the National Coordinator for HRNJ-Uganda, Mr. Robert Ssempala, on the International Day in Support of Victims of Torture, 26 June 2014

Kampala, June 26, 2014;  On this day June 26, 2014, Human Rights Network for Journalists-Uganda (HRNJ-Uganda) wishes to remember all those colleagues –Ugandans and non-Ugandans in the media fraternity and the entire world community that have experienced this serious inhumane and degrading human rights violation.

Recalling that all human rights instruments at the national, regional and international levels condemn this vice, we at HRNJ-Uganda wish to add our voice to the many that have put out a stark reminder to all perpetrators of torture in the world but particularly in Uganda. We, in a special way wish to acknowledge the tenacious efforts by all key stakeholders in Uganda to bring to book the perpetrators of this violation; key amongst them is the Uganda Human Rights Commission, United Nations office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Africa Center for Torture Victims (ACTV), East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders, Human Rights Network-Uganda and last but not least the journalists and all media houses among many others.

On this day, in a special way, HRNJ-Uganda wishes to express its support to all victims of torture, and to this end, we recommend the following to the Government of Uganda, thus;

1.       To uphold Human Rights as enshrined in the Constitution of the Republic of Uganda and other human rights treaties that it is  a party to

2.       Bring to book all perpetrators of torture in the country regardless of their status or affiliations

3.       Ensure that journalists are free and safe from any acts of torture at all times in the course of their work

4.       Sensitize the public about torture and its dire effects on the victims, and or their families in case of death

5.       Pass all enabling legislations that will end impunity to perpetrators of torture and violate human rights

6.       All Ugandans should stand up against acts of torture at all levels.

Torture is a backward inhumane and degrading treatment which must be fought by everyone at all times.

Wednesday, June 18, 2014

HRNJ-Uganda alert, female journalist arrested at gun-point on her way to work, assaulted by police



Gulu, 18th/June/2014; a female journalist hosting a daily morning radio program was arrested at gunpoint in Gulu by three police officers as she headed to the radio station for work. She alleges that she was punched by one of the arresting police officers as she climbed the police patrol car. This hindered the radio program.  She was later released without any charges.

Atim Brenda Kinyera, the host of a weekly program ‘Yab wangi’ meaning ‘open your eyes’, told Human Rights Network for Journalists-Uganda that the police officers who had mounted a joint operation with the army arrested her at gun point and confiscated her hand bag and jacket despite her plea that she was a journalist who was heading to work at a nearby radio station, Speak FM.

“I was heading to work at about 06:10am local time when three police officers –two of them with guns surrounded me and arrested me at gun point as army officers looked on. I told them that I was a journalist heading to radio to present a morning show, but they kept shouting at me calling me a prostitute, they confiscated my hand bag and jacket as they ordered me to board a police patrol. As I was boarding, an officer without a gun punched me on the back when I asked to know why they were arresting me; I feel pain in the back.” Atim told HRNJ-Uganda

Atim was released after the intervention of the area police commander, Denis Odoch who intercepted the patrol car as it drove to the Central Police station. “She rang me when they arrested her, it was during an operation, but she was not part of our target.” Odoch told HRNJ-Uganda. When I came to withdraw the troops, I found her arrested. I don’t know whether she was beaten or not, but she said she was beaten and intimidated.” said Odongo Bernard who was commanding the forces.

Atim has opened up a complaints file at the Professional Standards Unit (PSU) in Gulu. The officer-in-charge Gulu PSU, Odwogo John assured HRNJ-Uganda that the matter was going to be investigated, “They are going to handle it, and it’s going to be handled by the office of the Regional Police Commander.” he said.

“Security agents, especially the police have been at the fore front of violating media rights and freedoms. We call upon the security forces to fulfill their obligation of ensuring the safety and security of all Ugandans mostly journalists on duty. We also appeal to media houses to ensure the safety of their employees especially those who work and move during the odd hours .” Said the HRNJ-Uganda National Coordinator, Robert Ssempala.

For More Information Contact;
Human Rights Network for Journalists-Uganda (HRNJ-Uganda)

Plot 18, Block 12 Stensera Road Kayanja Triangle Zone
P.O.BOX. 71314 Clock Tower Kampala. Tel:
+256-414-272934 / +256-414-667627
E-mail:
news@hrnjuganda.org / humanrajournalists@yahoo.co.uk / Website: www.hrnjuganda.org; BLOG: http://hrnjuganda.blogpost.com

Friday, June 13, 2014

The Situation of human rights defenders in Uganda: Challenges and Opportunities for Journalists by MS Magaret Sekaggya



HRNJ-U NATIONAL COORDINATOR MR ROBERT SEMPALA AND MS MARGARET SEKAGGYA THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF HUMAN RIGHTS CENTRE UGANDA AT THE MEDIA SYMPOSIUM.

The Situation of human rights defenders in Uganda: Challenges and Opportunities for Journalists


Ms. Margaret Sekaggya
Executive Director,
Human Rights Centre-Uganda
Kampala

 Can journalists be human rights defenders? The answer to that question is yes. So what is a Human Rights Defender whose profession is in journalism?Human Rights Defenders are individuals who make it their job to investigate, expose and publicize ongoing human rights issues, and this is what many journalists in Uganda have been doing. 
Legal framework
It is important to note that there are legal provisions which protect journalists as human rights defenders. Under article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, it is stated that everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers. Under Article 6 of the UN Declaration on Human Rights Defenders, everyone has the right to know, seek, obtain, receive and hold information about all human rights and fundamental freedoms. The right to freedom of expression and the media is also contained in Article 29(1) (a) of the Constitution of the Republic of Uganda, 1995.

Under article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the right to freedom of opinion and expression allows for the right to hold opinions without interference, the right to seek and receive information and the right to impart information and ideas of all kinds– either orally, in writing or in print, in the form of art, or through any other media of one’s choice.

The right to freedom of opinion and expression imposes legal obligations upon Governments such as respecting rights and refraining from interfering with those rights.  Governments are also obliged to protect that right or to exercise due diligence in order to prevent, punish, investigate and provide redress for harm caused by private persons or entities. And governments are also supposed to take the necessary measures to ensure the full realization of these rights.


The role of journalists in human rights
Journalists can play an important role in promoting and protecting rights, through their right to freedom of opinion and expression. This has been done by combating violations such as impunity and corruption, among other violations. In Uganda journalists have reported on numerous violations such as police brutality, graft, poor quality of social services, poor welfare of civil servants, discrimination, environmental degradation, and exploitation among other things. This has compelled the authorities to take the necessary steps to address the aforementioned by prosecuting protagonists. Journalists’ role of informing citizens about public officials can enable the latter to participate in political affairs by allowing them to take decisions; exercise their political right to elect and be elected; challenge or influence public policies; monitor the quality of public spending; and promote accountability. All of this, in turn, makes it possible to establish controls to prevent the abuse of power.

Journalists’ work is unique because they can take advantage of their work to advocate for empowering people and this empowerment is a multi-dimensional social and political process which can help people gain control over their own lives. This can only be achieved through access to accurate, fair and unbiased information, representing a plurality of opinions, and the means to actively communicate vertically and horizontally, thereby participating in the active life of the community.

For journalists’ rights to be realized it is important that they Therefore journalists must stand together and agitate for a political environment which tolerates freedom of expression and the right to work. For this to happen there has to be political will to support and protect the aforementioned rights. In the same spirit, journalists will have to adhere to the highest ethical and professional standards if freedom of expression is to be realized.

Challenges
Despite the existing legal frameworks which are supposed to promote and protect the rights of journalists, they have experienced many challenges in Uganda and other parts of the world, such as closure of media houses such as the Daily Monitor and Red Pepper;assaults for carrying out their work, legislations passed restricting their freedoms.

The Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders has reported that journalists and media workers  have been targeted because of their reports on human rights violations or because they have been witness to human rights violations. Many journalists have exposed violations in armed conflicts, post-conflict situations and situations of unrest in connection with a coup d’├ętat or contested elections. In many countries, legal frameworks are used to restrict journalists’ and media workers’ activities. These restrictions have the potential to promote impunity, intimidation, stigmatization, violence and self-censorship. In Uganda this has been manifested by police and district internal security officials among others silencing the media or calling journalists and warning them about consequences of reporting on a particular story.

According to the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, journalists’ work has been compromised in a number of countries under legislation relating to national security and under the criminal code; this has also affected social media and other communications tools, which has affected the activities of defenders.These legislation criminalize the publication of articles or photos that could harm national security, public order,public health or public interest, incite violence, constitute sedition or have negative consequences for the financial climate of the country all overly broad and restrictive. Not only do such provisions limit the ability of journalists to express their opinion about human rights issues, they also make it difficult for them to know what is acceptable under the law and hence lead to self censorship.

Another challenge of defenders, as reported by the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, journalists have been charged and convicted because they have disseminated information deemed to be officially secret or taken positions in public in response to such information. This has also happened in States in which legislation permitting access to information is in place—keep in mind Uganda has the Access to Information Act which allows the public to access information from the government.

Defamation charges against journalists have been brought to the attention of the Special Rapporteurs on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression and on the situation of human rights defenders,because they have published articles, blog entries or tweets or expressed opinions in public.  It is important to bear in mind that defamation legislation is to protect an individual’s reputation from false and malicious attacks, but the problem occurs when the powers that be use the legislation to halt criticisms or allegations.Journalists have been ordered to pay fines that are largely disproportionate to the offense committed.

According to the Special Rapporteurs on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression’s report, journalists or defenders who provide information have become targets for threats, kidnapping, assaults and even assassinations. Globally, there has been an increase in the number of killings, assassinations, assaults and incidents of ill-treatment against persons associated with journalism and mass communication worldwide. Many of the victims have been killed, with impunity, because of their investigations into corruption, organized crime and political crime.

Opportunities
Despite all these challenges, the future is not that bleak for journalists or human rights defenders. Many have found other avenues to protect themselves and promote and protect other people’s rights. It is worth noting that it was Ugandan journalists who went to the Constitutional Court to fight against the law of sedition from the Penal Code that allowed the State to charge people with the offense of sedition if a person utters or publishes statements aimed at bringing hatred, contempt, or disaffection against the President, Government, or the Judiciary. The Constitutional Court stuck out the law of sedition declaring it unconstitutional and as it infringes on freedom of speech and expression.  The media fraternity argued that it was an infringement on the right to freedom of expression. Many a time, journalists in Uganda have used courts to seek justice and in enforcement of their rights without which they would not have been able to check the authorities.

It is encouraging to see that the members of the media fraternity show solidarity for each other. There are two examples that come to mind. During media siege of the Daily Monitor and Red Pepper, the media fraternity collectively protested against the closures by Government security agencies. Another example was when the media organizations around the world took part in a day of protest against the detention of Al-Jazeera staff in Egypt. There were protests in London, Cairo, Beirut, and Berlin. The detention of the journalists was also highlighted on social media such as Twitter via the hashtag #FreeAJStaff.

Social media is an opportunity which journalists or any other defender can take advantage of. Social media can monitor emerging human rights issues which can be manifested in filming cases of human rights violation. By filming a violation, defenders may secure evidence which can be used in court or used as tool for advocacy. Defenders should bear in mind that social media will not be a panacea to human rights violations because this can be determined by factors such as access to technology and the level of state intrusion in people’s lives.

Conclusion
The right to freedom of opinion and expression should be viewed as a key instrument for the promotion and protection of other human rights and an important tool in the effort to combat impunity, corruption and any other violation.
Governments have an obligation to ensure journalists or anyone engaged in journalistic activities enjoy this right. Governments should desist from criminalizing any work in relation to freedom of expression as means of imposing censorship. Governments should also ensure that they put in place legislation permitting access to information and is fully compliant with international standards.